A nice summary of what is considered the most interesting case of Freud, the master of psychoanalysis.
The Dora Case is the case in which Freud diagnosed Ida Bauer, whom he named Dora, with hysteria.
Dora was a young girl who coughed constantly. She was coughing so much that some words were stuck in her throat. However, this cough was not microbial. The mysteriousness of his behavior caused (perhaps still) people to constantly be interested in him. Her father, in particular, focused heavily on the meaning of this mystery and handed his daughter over to Freud. Although Freud did not analyze Dora fully, he saw that the girl’s soul was imprisoned in her body like a trap; She was surrounded by investments of desires of love and hate.
According to Freud, there was an Oedipian bond between Dora and her father.
He thought that Dora’s erogenization of the mouth area with coughs was the result of her passion for her father. The father was also very careful about his daughter and used this bond. her daughter, madame k. He saw her as the messenger of the forbidden extramarital affair he had with her. Dora was often sent to Madame K.’s house and sometimes even stayed there. madame k. He was in an unhappy marriage and suffered from a chronic cough. Madame K.’s bedroom. Dora, who shared it with him, became his confidant and advisor. After a while, he made a homosexual investment and identified himself as Madame K., and started coughing like her. By developing a coughing pathology, Dora actually becomes Madame K. It was showing that it was “appropriate” like she.
Dora experienced another traumatic event during this period.
He was kissed by Madame K.’s husband. Madame K’ did not make a problem with her husband’s relationship with Dora. because subconsciously everything was balanced. This distorted and forbidden sexuality in adults was articulated on Dora’s spirituality. his father, madame k. And Madame K.’s husband had become a libidinal tangle of relationships for Dora. He eventually realized that he was being used on a mission (to strengthen the relationship between his father and Madame K.) and blackmailed his father, telling him to choose either Madame K. or himself. With this ultimatum, she was undoubtedly taking her mother’s place.
Dora’s case shows the importance of psychosomatic symptoms in detecting identity problems in psychoanalysis. Conflicts with the love object in the spiritual sphere continue in the body. Anorexia, self-cutting, and burning vulva in women can also be considered psychosomatization in this sense. Somatic pathologies reflect paradoxes or gaps in the psychic field. The rigidity of the superego dimension is also effective in psychosomatization. In this case, a false and poor picture with no emotion may emerge.
A desire / hatred / pleasure / anger can be experienced not only by showing it, but also by somatizing it.
Somatization: The reactions of the bodies of people who cannot solve their problems in life.